Huron County was created on 1 Apr 1840 (Organized in 1859) and was formed from Sanilac County. Some early records before 1859 may be located in St. Clair and Tuscola Counties. The County was named for the lake (Lac des Hurons) the French named for the Native American tribe they called "hure" (Hurons)--meaning "head"--when they saw the fantastic way they dressed their hair. The tribe referred to itself as "Wendat" (Wyandotte), meaning "dwellers on a peninsula." The County Seat is Bad Axe .
Counties adjacent to Huron County are Sanilac County (southeast), Tuscola County (southwest). Townships found in Huron County include Bingham, Bloomfield, Brookfield, Caseville, Chandler, Colfax, Dwight, Fairhaven, Gore, Grant, Hume, Huron, Lake, Lincoln, McKinley, Meade, Oliver, Paris, Pointe Aux Barques, Port Austin, Rubicon, Sand Beach, Sebewaing, Sheridan, Sherman, Sigal, Verona, Winsor Townships. Cities, Towns and Communities include Bad Axe, Bay Port, Caseville, Elkton, Filion, Harbor Beach, Kinde, Owendale, Pigeon, Port Austin, Port Hope, Ruth, Sebewaing, Ubly.
Researchers often overlook the importance of court records, probate records, and land records as a source of family history information.
All departments below at located at the Huron County Courthouse, 250 E. Huron Avenue, Bad Axe, MI 48413 , unless a different address is listed below. NOTE: The date listed for each category of record is the earliest record known to exist in that county. It does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and certainly does not indicate that all such events that year were actually registered.
Huron County Clerk has the following Records for: Births & Deaths: 1867 to present, Marriages & Divorces: 1867 to present . The Office is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: 989-269-9942 .
The County Clerk is responsible for keeping records of births, deaths, assumed names, co-partnerships, issuing and filing marriage licenses, gun permits, notary bonds and processing passports.
Huron County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1837 and is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: (989)269-9941 .
The Register is the County's official recording officer for all legal documents pertaining to the transfers and encumbrances of all real estate property within the County. The Register also provides permanent storage for approved original subdivision plats, condominiums, land surveys and section corners.
Huron County Clerk of the Probate Court has Probate Records from 1861 and is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: (989)269-9944 .
The Court Adjudicates and disposes of cases involving property of persons who have died or become incompetent, interprets wills and trusts, commits the mentally ill when necessary and appoints guardians and conservators for minors, incapacitated individuals and individuals with developmental disability.
Huron County Clerk of the Circuit Court has Court Records from 1867 and is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: (989)269-7112 .
The Clerk provides a variety of functions for the court such as, but not limited to: filing and maintaing the official record for all cases that come before the court; providing staff to assist in the operation of the court; working with the Jury Commission and notifying all potential jurors to appear for jury duty; and, processing felony criminal cases bound over from the District Court.
County Treasurer - Property tax records at the county level usually date back to the first land records. Either the county treasurer or the register of deeds will be the custodian of these records.
Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Court Records. Email us with websites containing Huron County Court Records by clicking the link below:
Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events. They are prime sources for genealogical information.
The State of Michigan Vital Records Office is located at 201 Townsend Street, Capitol View Bldg, 3rd Floor, Lansing MI 48913 (across the street from the state capitol - south side). The office hours are 8:00 am - 5:00 pm Mon-Fri, except for State holidays. They are open thru the lunch hour. If applying in person, you must submit your request by 3:00 pm in order to obtain same-day service. It can take up to 1-3 months to get a vital record from Michigan.
Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Vital Records. Email us with websites containing Huron County Vital Records by clicking the link below:
Few, if any, records reveal as many details about individuals and families as do government census records. Substitute records can be used when the official census is unavailable
Countywide Records: Federal Population Schedules that exist for Huron County, Michigan are 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930.
Other Federal Schedules to look at when researching your Family Tree in Huron County, Michigan are Industry and Agriculture Schedules availible for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. The Mortality Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. There are free downloadable and printable Census forms to help with your research. These include U.S. Census Extraction Forms and U.K. Census Extraction Forms.
Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Census Records. Email us with websites containing Huron County Census Records by clicking the link below:
Genealogy Atlas has images of old American atlases during the years 1795, 1814, 1822, 1823, 1836, 1838, 1845, 1856, 1866, 1879 and 1897 for Michigan and other states.
You can view rotating animated maps for Michigan showing all the county boundaries for each census year overlayed with past and present maps so you can see the changes in county boundaries. You can view a list of maps for other states at Census Maps
You can view rotating animated maps for Michigan showing all the county boundary changes for each year overlayed with past and present maps so you can see the changes in county boundaries. You can view a list of maps for other states at County Maps
Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Maps. Email us with websites containing Huron County Maps by clicking the link below:
Military and civil service records provide unique facts and insights into the lives of men and women who have served their country at home and abroad.
The uses and value of military records in genealogical research for ancestors who were veterans are obvious, but military records can also be important to re-searchers whose direct ancestors were not soldiers in any war. The fathers, grandfathers, brothers, and other close relatives of an ancestor may have served in a war, and their service or pension records could contain information that will assist in further identifying the family of primary interest. Due to the amount of genealogical information contained in some military pension files, they should never be overlooked during the research process. Those records not containing specific genealogical information are of historic value and should be included in any overall research design.
Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Military Records. Email us with websites containing Huron County Military Records by clicking the link below:
The Repositories in this section are Archives, Libraries, Museums, Genealogical and Historical Societies. Many County Historical and Genealogical Societies publish magazines and/or news letters on a monthly, quarterly, bi-annual or annual basis. Contacting the local societies should not be over looked. State Archives and Societies are usually much larger and better organized with much larger archived materials than their smaller county cousins but they can be more generalized and over look the smaller details that local societies tend to have. Libraries can also be a good place to look for local information. Some libraries have a genealogy section and may have some resources that are not located at archives or societies. Also, take a special look at any museums in the area. They sometimes have photos and items from years gone by as well as information of a genealogical interest. All these places are vitally important to the family genealogist and must not be passed over.
Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Genealogical Addresses. Email us with websites containing Huron County Genealogical Addresses by clicking the link below:
Obituaries can vary in the amount of information they contain, but many of them are genealogical goldmines, including information such as names, dates, places of birth and death, marriage information, and family relationships.
There are many churches and cemeteries in Huron County. Some transcriptions are online. A great site is the Huron County Tombstone Transcription Project.
The earliest religious denomination in Michigan was the Roman Catholic church, established through a mission in 1668 at Sault Ste. Marie. Ste. Anne's, in Detroit, has parish records beginning in 1703.
Michigan Historical Collections in Ann Arbor holds large collections from the Presbyterian Church and the Protestant Episcopal Church, in addition to other denominations. Dutch Reformed church records are at Calvin College and Seminary Library in Grand Rapids; Finnish church records are deposited at the Finnish-American Historical Archives at Suomi College in Hancock. The Upjohn Library at Kalamazoo College in Kalamazoo has a large collection of Baptist archive material. Many early Detroit churches have their records deposited at the Burton Historical Collection-Detroit Public Library. The Michigan Historical Records Survey, WPA, completed an Inventory of the Church Archives of Michigan, and many of the church records from this inventory were published from 1936 through 1942.
The Library of Michigan in Lansing and the Burton Historical Collection have over 1,000 books of transcribed or published tombstone readings from Michigan cemeteries. To locate a cemetery in the state, consult the Michigan Cemetery Compendium. It lists most cemeteries in Michigan.
Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Cemetery & Church Records. Email us with websites containing Huron County Cemetery & Church Records by clicking the link below:
The use of published genealogies, electronic files containing genealogical lineage, and other compiled sources can be of tremendous value to a researcher.
When view family trees online or not, be sure to only take the info at face value and always follow up with your own sources or verify the ones they provide. Below is a list of online resources for Huron County Family Trees, web forums and other family type information. Email us with websites containing Huron County Family Trees, web forums and other family type information by clicking the link below:
Legal Definition and Area:
Huron County was laid off as a seperate County by the Michigan State Legislature, April 1, 1840, with the same boundries as it has today. Those boundries are: "That portion of the state, North of the line between Towns 14 & 15, North. East of Range 8, East and of the center of Saginaw Bay. South of line between Towns 20 & 21 North, extended to the National Boundry line in Lake Huron." (Public Acts of 1840, Page 200).
In 1841 what is Huron County was attached to Saginaw township, Saginaw County for every purpose. (Laws of 1841, page 23)
Became Polk Township:
In 1845 Huron County was organized into the township of Polk. (Laws of 1845, Page 53).
In 1847 it was attached to Lexington township, then part of Sinclair County. (Laws of 1847, Page 85).
Became Point Aux Barque Township
In 1849 Huron County was renamed the Townhip of Point Aux Barque (no S) and attached to Saginaw County, (Laws of 1849 page 105).
Became Sanilac Township, then Austin Township, and then Huron Township
By laws of 1850, page 215, Huron County was attached to Sanilac County for Judical and Representative purposes. The county, known as Sanilac township had its name changed to Austin township (by laws of 1851, page 58). It became Huron Township in 1854.
Became Huron County
Huron County was finally organized by the Michigan State Legislature, Jan. 25, 1859, as Huron County, with the original courthouse at Harbor Beach. The first County organization meeting was held at the Dow House, Harbor Beach, then Sand Beach, Feb. 26, 1859.
Under a "constitutional Government" Wesley Armstrong was appointed Sheriff; Samuel Lawder, treasurer; C.H. Gallup, prosecuting attorney; Robert W. Irwin. County Clerk, and Lewis Bonnell, probate Judge.
The Homesteading Acts of 1841 and 1862
Much of Michigan was once "public domain" land owned by the federal government and transferred to individuals under laws enacted by Congress. Two acts asssisted the selling of this public land: The Pre-emption Act of 1841 accomodated settlers who had established themselves illegally on land ahead of government surveyors. The Homestead Act of 1862 offered 160 acres of land free to any head of family or person over 21 years of age who was a citizen of the United States or who had filed a declaration of intent to become a citizen in exchange for simply residing on the land for five years and improving it.
The Fire of 1881:
See "Fiery Trial," by Judge James H Lincoln & James L Donahue, publ. by Anchor Publications of Cass City MI, ISBN#0-9626947-1-1, 104 pp.
It has a number of first-hand accounts, a map of the effected area, etc. which was extensive -- almost all of Sanilac Co, most of Huron Co, the eastern half of Tuscola Co & the northern half of Lapeer Co. There were large areas where the fire burned to the shoreline of Lake Huron, particularly a wide stretch from Port Austin on the northern tip of the Thumb eastward to just north of Sand Beach (today Habor Beach). Bad Axe was entirely destroyed. Vassar, to the west, was spared . . . just. The west shoreline, along the Saginaw Bay, faired the best.
The back cover of this soft bound book states -- "An estimated two hundred and eighty people perished, another fifteen thousand were left homeless and count(l)ess numbers of domestic and wild animals died. To save themselves, settlers plunged into nearby lakes and streams or climbed into hand-dug crock wells. "Relief to the disaster victims was the first effort tried by Clara Barton's American Red Cross, a fledgling organization that had its beginnings in 1881 at Dansville, New York."
State (mid-term) censuses:
There were state censuses for MI in 1827, 1834, 1837, 1845, 1854, 1864, 1874, 1884 and 1894, BUT there are no state censuses that include Huron Co. according to "Michigan Genealogy Sources and Resources" by Carol McGinnis.