Roscommon County was created on 1 Apr 1840 (Organized in 1875) and was formed from Mckinac County. Formed as Mikenauk County, renamed in 1843. Some early records before 1875 may be located in Cheboygan and Midland Counties. The County was named for County Roscommon in Ireland. The County Seat is Roscommon .
Counties adjacent to Roscommon County are Oscoda County (northeast corner), Crawford County (north), Kalkaska County (northwest corner), Ogemaw County (east), Missaukee County (west), Gladwin County (southeast), Clare County (southwest). Townships found in Roscommon County include Au Sable, Backus, Denton, Gerrish, Higgins, Lake, Lyon, Markey, Nester, Richfield, Roscommon Townships. Cities, Towns and Communities include Higgins Lake, Houghton Lake, Houghton Lake Heights, Prudenville, Roscommon, Saint Helen
Researchers often overlook the importance of court records, probate records, and land records as a source of family history information.
All departments below at located at the Roscommon County Courthouse, 500 Lake Street, Roscommon, MI 48653 , unless a different address is listed below. NOTE: The date listed for each category of record is the earliest record known to exist in that county. It does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and certainly does not indicate that all such events that year were actually registered.
Roscommon County Clerk has the following Records for: Births & Deaths: 1874 to present, Marriages & Divorces: 1887 to present. The Office is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: 989-275-5923 .
The County Clerk is responsible for keeping records of births, deaths, assumed names, co-partnerships, issuing and filing marriage licenses, gun permits, notary bonds and processing passports.
Roscommon County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1875 and is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: (989) 275-5931 .
The Register is the County's official recording officer for all legal documents pertaining to the transfers and encumbrances of all real estate property within the County. The Register also provides permanent storage for approved original subdivision plats, condominiums, land surveys and section corners.
Roscommon County Clerk of the Probate Court has Probate Records from 1875 and is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: (989) 275-4620 .
The Court Adjudicates and disposes of cases involving property of persons who have died or become incompetent, interprets wills and trusts, commits the mentally ill when necessary and appoints guardians and conservators for minors, incapacitated individuals and individuals with developmental disability.
Roscommon County Clerk of the Circuit Court has Court Records from 1875 and is located at the County Courthouse, see address above for contact information. Phone: (989)846-6131 .
The Clerk provides a variety of functions for the court such as, but not limited to: filing and maintaing the official record for all cases that come before the court; providing staff to assist in the operation of the court; working with the Jury Commission and notifying all potential jurors to appear for jury duty; and, processing felony criminal cases bound over from the District Court.
County Treasurer - Property tax records at the county level usually date back to the first land records. Either the county treasurer or the register of deeds will be the custodian of these records.
Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Court Records. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Court Records by clicking the link below:
Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events. They are prime sources for genealogical information.
The State of Michigan Vital Records Office is located at 201 Townsend Street, Capitol View Bldg, 3rd Floor, Lansing MI 48913 (across the street from the state capitol - south side). The office hours are 8:00 am - 5:00 pm Mon-Fri, except for State holidays. They are open thru the lunch hour. If applying in person, you must submit your request by 3:00 pm in order to obtain same-day service. It can take up to 1-3 months to get a vital record from Michigan.
Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Vital Records. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Vital Records by clicking the link below:
Few, if any, records reveal as many details about individuals and families as do government census records. Substitute records can be used when the official census is unavailable
Countywide Records: Federal Population Schedules that exist for Roscommon County, Michigan are 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930.
Other Federal Schedules to look at when researching your Family Tree in Roscommon County, Michigan are Industry and Agriculture Schedules availible for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. The Mortality Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. There are free downloadable and printable Census forms to help with your research. These include U.S. Census Extraction Forms and U.K. Census Extraction Forms.
Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Census Records. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Census Records by clicking the link below:
Genealogy Atlas has images of old American atlases during the years 1795, 1814, 1822, 1823, 1836, 1838, 1845, 1856, 1866, 1879 and 1897 for Michigan and other states.
You can view rotating animated maps for Michigan showing all the county boundaries for each census year overlayed with past and present maps so you can see the changes in county boundaries. You can view a list of maps for other states at Census Maps
You can view rotating animated maps for Michigan showing all the county boundary changes for each year overlayed with past and present maps so you can see the changes in county boundaries. You can view a list of maps for other states at County Maps
Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Maps. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Maps by clicking the link below:
Military and civil service records provide unique facts and insights into the lives of men and women who have served their country at home and abroad.
The uses and value of military records in genealogical research for ancestors who were veterans are obvious, but military records can also be important to re-searchers whose direct ancestors were not soldiers in any war. The fathers, grandfathers, brothers, and other close relatives of an ancestor may have served in a war, and their service or pension records could contain information that will assist in further identifying the family of primary interest. Due to the amount of genealogical information contained in some military pension files, they should never be overlooked during the research process. Those records not containing specific genealogical information are of historic value and should be included in any overall research design.
Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Military Records. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Military Records by clicking the link below:
The Repositories in this section are Archives, Libraries, Museums, Genealogical and Historical Societies. Many County Historical and Genealogical Societies publish magazines and/or news letters on a monthly, quarterly, bi-annual or annual basis. Contacting the local societies should not be over looked. State Archives and Societies are usually much larger and better organized with much larger archived materials than their smaller county cousins but they can be more generalized and over look the smaller details that local societies tend to have. Libraries can also be a good place to look for local information. Some libraries have a genealogy section and may have some resources that are not located at archives or societies. Also, take a special look at any museums in the area. They sometimes have photos and items from years gone by as well as information of a genealogical interest. All these places are vitally important to the family genealogist and must not be passed over.
Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Genealogical Addresses. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Genealogical Addresses by clicking the link below:
Obituaries can vary in the amount of information they contain, but many of them are genealogical goldmines, including information such as names, dates, places of birth and death, marriage information, and family relationships.
There are many churches and cemeteries in Roscommon County. Some transcriptions are online. A great site is the Roscommon County Tombstone Transcription Project.
The earliest religious denomination in Michigan was the Roman Catholic church, established through a mission in 1668 at Sault Ste. Marie. Ste. Anne's, in Detroit, has parish records beginning in 1703.
Michigan Historical Collections in Ann Arbor holds large collections from the Presbyterian Church and the Protestant Episcopal Church, in addition to other denominations. Dutch Reformed church records are at Calvin College and Seminary Library in Grand Rapids; Finnish church records are deposited at the Finnish-American Historical Archives at Suomi College in Hancock. The Upjohn Library at Kalamazoo College in Kalamazoo has a large collection of Baptist archive material. Many early Detroit churches have their records deposited at the Burton Historical Collection-Detroit Public Library. The Michigan Historical Records Survey, WPA, completed an Inventory of the Church Archives of Michigan, and many of the church records from this inventory were published from 1936 through 1942.
The Library of Michigan in Lansing and the Burton Historical Collection have over 1,000 books of transcribed or published tombstone readings from Michigan cemeteries. To locate a cemetery in the state, consult the Michigan Cemetery Compendium. It lists most cemeteries in Michigan.
Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Cemetery & Church Records. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Cemetery & Church Records by clicking the link below:
The use of published genealogies, electronic files containing genealogical lineage, and other compiled sources can be of tremendous value to a researcher.
When view family trees online or not, be sure to only take the info at face value and always follow up with your own sources or verify the ones they provide. Below is a list of online resources for Roscommon County Family Trees, web forums and other family type information. Email us with websites containing Roscommon County Family Trees, web forums and other family type information by clicking the link below:
Roscommon County came into being when it was separated from Midland County in 1875. The area which included Roscommon County was originally called 'Mikenauk' for Chief Mikenauk, who was an Ottawa Indian and referred to as a chief of the first class in the treaty of 1836.
Houghton Lake was originally named 'Roscommon Lake.' In 1877, the Village of Houghton Lake was described as follows: "The county seat of Roscommon County, a place of 20 population, settled in 1873. It is situated on Roscommon Lake, 18 miles from Roscommon Station, it's nearest railroad point."
In 1879, the Village of Roscommon was named county seat by a unanimous vote of the supervisors and a courthouse was built shortly thereafter. About this time, Houghton Lake was named for Douglas Houghton, first Michigan geologist. Lumbering was the main industry and saw mills sprung up around the lumber camps of this early era. The railroads were instrumental in starting the resort industry of the county in the late 1800's. They furnished the transportation of people from Detroit and other cities to Roscommon, where they were then transported to one of the camps at Higgins Lake.
Roscommon County has three large lakes and many smaller ones. Houghton Lake, with 20,044 acres and 30 miles of shoreline, is the largest and home of the nationally famous Tip-Up-Town USA winter festival. Higgins Lake, covering 9,600 acres and reaching a depth of 141 feet, is commonly referred to as the 6th most beautiful lake in the world. Lake St. Helen has an annual Bluegill Festival that attracts a huge crowd each summer. A Village-wide celebration to our country's independence, an all-day art festival and special Christmas celebration keep residents and visitors to the Village of Roscommon hopping with activity year-round.
Among the beautiful streams in the county that provide fine fishing and scenic canoeing are the headwaters of the Muskegon, AuSable and Tittabawassee rivers. Besides the lakes and streams, there are approximately 2,000 acres of backwater above the Reedsburg Dam. The Dead Stream Swamp area covers about 25,000 acres, including 2,000 acres of flooding.
There are about 185,000 acres of public land furnishing good hunting for deer, grouse, woodcock, squirrels and ducks. Roscommon County welcomes visitors to the area by providing beautiful scenery, hiking trails, golfing, camping facilities, fishing, hunting, boating, swimming, water skiing, snow skiing, ice skating, sledding, snowmobiling, bowling and airplane rides at the airport.
There is something for everyone, including birdwatching, for those who enjoy the peace and quite of the north. The many fine restaurants in the area offer a delightful menu for those who enjoy fine food.
We now have a beautiful statue paying tribute to the many firemen in Michigan who help save lives. It is located about two miles south of the Village of Roscommon. They also have a weekend festival in mid-September that brings many visitors from Michigan, several surrounding states and even Canada.
The official 1990 census count was 19,776 full-time residents. Roscommon County was the fourth-ranking county in the State of Michigan for growth - showing a 20.8% population growth since 1980.
Industrial parks located in the Village of Roscommon and Denton Township have provided industry to the area and employment for some of the parents of the 3,300 school age children attending our fine schools. Kirtland Community College provides continued education for 1,500 students in many fields of study.
Our business places and professional people are among the best. Our churches represent many denominations. Commercial tourist accommodations are many and varied. We proudly welcome new residents as well as vacationers.